Sunday, August 10, 2014

Re'eih: The Blessing When Giving Tzedaka

"Make every effort to give to [the poor], and do not feel bad about giving -  for because of this, the Eternal your God will bless you in all of your endeavors." (Deut. 15:10)

How does God bless one who gives tzedakah? One might think it is like the following case:

A man walked through the marketplace and lost a wallet containing a $100. The following morning, he went to the market and found a $200 bill.

Yet this is not what the Torah is talking about. For this person, even though he found more money than he lost, is still upset that he lost the original $100. He thinks to himself: if I hadn't lost that $100, I would have now $300!

Rather, the Torah's blessing is like this case:

A farmer purchased a sack of grain, and carried it home through his fields. Not realizing there was a small hole in the sack, little by little the grain slipped out. By the time he reached his home, the sack was empty!
Some time later, the farmer passed through his fields. He was surprised to find that the grain he had unwittingly spilled on his fields had grown into a tremendous wheat crop. This man will not regret the seeds he lost. He realizes that if they hadn't spilled out over his fields, he would not have been blessed with a wonderful crop.

This is what the Torah promises. "Don't feel bad about giving" - for it is through this very giving that you will be blessed in your endeavors.

(Adapted from Mishlei Yaakov, p. 431)

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

BaMidbar: Can Israel Be Counted?

Rabbi Yonatan (in Yoma 22b) noted a difficulty in the first verse of the Haftara. Sefer Bamidbar, the Book of Numbers, begins with a counting of the Jewish people; and the Haftara also speaks of Jewish demographics:
"וְהָיָה מִסְפַּר בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּחוֹל הַיָּם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִמַּד וְלֹא יִסָּפֵר"
"And the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor counted" (Hosea 2:1).

Rabbi Yonatan asked the following question: if it says that the Jewish people cannot be counted, how is even possible to speak of "the number of the children of Israel"?

His answer: When they perform God's will - then they will be uncountable, like the sand of the sea. But if they fail to perform God's will, then there will be a finite "number of the children of Israel."

The Maggid of Dubno explained this Midrash with the following parable:

The Argument of the Two Boys

In a certain town were two small boys. Each one claimed that his father was richer.

"There is no one in town as rich as my dad," the first boy said. "His pockets are full of coins - dimes and quarters and nickels. Whenever he walks by, you can hear all of his coins jangling away!"

"It's true, your father has a lot of coins in his pockets," the second boy responded. " But if you ever see my dad pay for something, he opens up his wallet and you can see that it is full of dollar bills. And even if there are not as many bills as your father's coins, each one is worth a lot more than all of those dimes and nickels!"

Rare Jewels

So too, with the Jewish people. When they fail to fulfill God's will, they have a finite measure, and can be counted like any other people. They are like a pocket of coins, easily measured and counted.

But when they keep God's will, then they are beyond all regular calculations. Each one is a precious jewel. Even if they are counted, their true worth cannot be determined. Like valuable banknotes, each one is worth many, many coins....

(Adapted from Mishlei Ya'akov, pp. 304-305)